Middle East Europe - Reflection of the Middle Eastern Conflict in Art, Activism, and Media15. 4. 2012 from 10:30 to 18:30
From Text to the Image: Visual Representations of the Palestinian Islamic Movements
The Palestinian Islamic movements, as the Palestinian Islamic Jihad and the Hamas has relied on every possible medium to get its message across: political speeches and communiqués, print and electronic media, books and pamphlets, songs and poems, slogans, graffiti, murals, posters, movies and videos. In this correlation between the texts and images we can even say that the visual representations of the radical Palestinian Islamic movements have a central position
equal to the textual narratives. The description an analysis of this controversial new but important relationship will be in the center of my paper.
Attila Kovács graduated from the Masaryk University in Brno in religious studies, history and Hungarian language and literature. During his studies he spends a year at ELTE in Budapest (1993-1994) and the Jordanian University in Amman (1997-1998). He completed his doctoral studies at Comenius University in Bratislava, where he also habilitated in 2011. He lectures at universities in Bratislava and Brno and published numerous texts on Islam.
Peace Activism of Religious Jews and Media
There are many stereotypes about activists and other civic players of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. One of them is a role of the religious Jews. Haredi (ultraorthodox) Jews are usually covered in mainstream media as either “romanticized“ or a closed fundamentalist community interested only in their religion and benefits. Religious orthodox settlers are described sometimes even worse as ruthless occupiers and militant fundamentalists. However, the Jewish religious community is much more structured. The presentation will be focused on contemporary Jewish religious pro-peace groups and the media coverage of their activities. The paper will survey especially pro-Palestinian activists of anti-Zionist Haredi group Neturei Karta, peace group Rabbis for Human rights, and religious settlers’ movement Eretz Shalom.
Marek Čejka studied law and political
science at the Masaryk University, Brno. He worked at the Constitutional Court
of the Czech Republic and now lectures (among others) at the Masaryk
University, Brno and Charles University, Prague and works at the Institute of International
Relations, Prague. He is an author of several articles and books on Middle
east. Marek Čejka provides blog about the Middle East (http://blizky-vychod.blogspot.com/)
In her presentation Eva Nováková will discuss the Palestinian peaceful popular struggle and its international support, namely the International Solidarity Movement and the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign active directly in the Occupied Territories and Gaza but also worldwide.
Eva Nováková worked in the Occupied Palestinian Territory of East
Jerusalem and the West Bank between March 2009 and January 2010, as a part of
the International Solidarity Movement. She collaborated on publishing of a
report about the colonisation of East Jerusalem and was active in the media
section of ISM. She was illegally arrested in Ramallah and deported to Prague. She
organises solidarity demonstrations, public lectures, and cultural events to
raise awareness about Palestine in the Czech Republic.
Non-active Israel Air Force pilot who authored the "pilots' letter" of 2003, signed by 27 IAF pilots who said they would refuse to fly over the occupied territories. He is also co-founder of movement “Combatants for Peace”. Combatants for Peace is a Bi-national movement of Israelis and Palestinians who lead a non-violent struggle against the occupation.
The Role of Art in Non-violent Resistence
Shireen Al-Araj will speak of the importance of the non-violent protest/resistance in the context of the struggle against the apartheid wall and the planned enclosure of al-Walaja village. She maintains that art and creative thinking can make the protests atractive for the media and therefore efective. Otherwise, it is solely violence that that attracts the media attention. In order for the peaceful resistance to succeed, it needs art and creative thinking.
Shireen Al-Araj is one of the leaders of Popular Committee Against the Wall and an activist, protesting against the apartheid wall and enclosure of her village of al-Walaja located between Beit Jala and Jerusalem. Recently, Israel has started to construct a portion of the separation wall on al-Walaja's land. The wall will completely surround the village leaving only one entrance to be controlled by an Israeli military checkpoint.
Eszter Lazár, Zoltán Kékesi
Embedded Narratives. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict in two Projects by Róza El-Hassan and László Gergely
The presentation concerns two art projects addressing the representation of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in Eastern European art and the relationship of art and activism in connection to the conflict. The first project is an exhibition of Róza El-Hassan, a Hungarian artist of part Syrian origin, featuring an installation built up of protest signs made by Hungarian-Israeli activist Toma Sík whose activity was connected to a search for peace in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and to the implementation a social utopia in Hungary. The second one –Yad Hanna – The Collective Man, is a project by the artist collective Technika Schweiz (László Gergely & Péter Rákosi) dealing with the history of the Yad Hanna kibbutz, founded by Hungarian communist Zionists in 1950. The project reflects the (micro-)history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict without reproducing biased representations prevalent in the international discourse of the 2000s.
Zoltán Kékesi is lecturer at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest and research fellow at the Eötvös-Loránd-University. He published a book on Holocaust Memory in Contemporary Art. His recent publications include: Repeating Skid: The (Production) Line and the blind, blind Curve (of Life), in Hajnal Németh: Crash – Passive Interview, exhibition catalogue, Hungarian Pavilion at the 54th Venice Biennale; The Trap of Memory: The »Treblinka-song« in Claude Lanzmann's Shoah; and The Re-configured Archive: The Afterlife of Images in Harun Farocki’s Respite
Eszter Lazáris a PhD candidate at the
Cultural Studies Program in the University of Pécs. She has worked as a curator
at the Hungarian University of Fine Arts and as an assistant lecturer in the
Theory of Fine Arts Department. She is a board member of the Labor (a joint
initiative of C³ Centre for
Culture & Communication Foundation, the Studio of Young Artists Association and the Hungarian University
of Fine Arts. She curated several national and international projects.
The presentation of Volker März, a German non-Jewish artist (as he puts it), shows his ongoing project based on using and abusing the figures of Franz Kafka and the monkey Mr. Rotpeter as a key to enter and to criticize the Israeli society and to break some of its taboos. "When I started, says the artist, I had no idea about the ending ... it started with love and curiosity - and it ends up with rage ... it was a process created by my experiences and by travelling all around the country and talking to the different people who live there and in Palestine. So I learned a lot about silence, blindness, egoism, racism, and sexual pressure ... and it gave me an important, or maybe the first answer about the time in Germany 1939-45, when people could not realize what was going on.”
Volker März lives and works
in Berlin. He had solo exhibitions across Europe since 1995, published more
than ten books, and participated in numerous group shows. März is a
multi-disciplinary artist working as a sculptor, painter, photographer, writer,
filmmaker, performer and musician. He realized several projects dedicated to
European philosophers and thinkers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Giordano Bruno,
Martin Heidegger, Heinrich von Kleist, Marquis de Sade, George Bataille, Peter
Sloterdijk, Franz Kafka, Walter Benjamin, Hans Henny Jahnn, Rolf Dieter
Brinkmann, and Hannah Arendt.
Activist art and the Ministry of Culture
Bosnia and Herzegovina has 121 ministers due to a very complex model of the state. Yet at the same time, there is no minister of culture and education because there is no Ministry of Culture and Education of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The presentation poses several intertwined questions: How can a Ministry of Culture and Education resolve ethnic conflict within the state? What is the role of a Ministry of Culture in such a state? The self-proclaimed MINI STAR of culture thinks it should be dealing with racism, hate language, prejudice, stereotypes, and segregation in order to integrate various groups into a cosmopolitan, open, free, and civil society.
Damir Nikšić was born in
Bosnia and Herzegovina. He studied at Brera, Milan, Academy of Fine Arts,
Bologna, and Academy of Fine Arts, Sarajevo. In 2003, he exhibited at the 50th
Venice Biennial, International section Interludes curated by Francesco Bonami.
In 2004, he graduated in Art History and Fine Art (New Genre) at the University
of Arizona, Tucson. In the Academic year 2005-06 worked as visiting professor
at the Northwestern University, Evanston, USA. Currently he lives and works in
Stockholm. His topic is World Identity and the European “Nation of Islam”.
The Victim Motive in the Israeli Video Art
The Israeli society built its identity through the position of the victim and myth. This motive often used as a political tool to support the Israeli policy concerning the Israeli Arab conflicts. In this presentation Yaffe will show a collection of Israeli video art that concerns this motive and reflects the state of mind in the Israeli society.
Shlomi Yaffe was born in Tel Aviv, Israel. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts and Design Bezalel, Jerusalem, and the Faculty of Fine Art, Brno. He lives and works in Prague, Czech Republic. Yaffe is holding an Arab-Jew identity; his works are characterized by the tension of integration and the question of coexistence in a multicultural society, they often concern anti-Semitism, islamophobia and xenophobia.
Mediální partneři výstavy: Radio 1, Flash Art